Does Diabetes Have Symptoms?
Yes! Some of the symptoms are, for instance, fatigued without cause, constant thirst and hunger, need to urinate more often than usual, itching skin for no reason, sudden weight loss and recurrent urinary tract infections. As far as laboratory tests, if the blood sugar level is higher than 6 mmol/L with blood drawn on an empty stomach, is also a positive indication for diabetes.
What is included in a diabetic examination?
On your first appointment, you will be asked questions regarding previous illnesses you may have had or that appear in your family medical history, your current complaints, if any, and your life style. This will be followed by a thorough physical examination and complete laboratory testing. Once these results are in, the decision will be made as to whether you will need insulin replacement. The doctor will also discuss with you any further examinations you may need (such as ophthalmological, vascular, kidney function, etc.) to discover possible complications, advise you regarding your diet and suggest possible life style changes and set the date for the next checkup.
Do I need to come to my appointment on an empty stomach?
Not unless the doctor so requested. Otherwise, eat your normal breakfast and take your medications as usual before the examination.
What is a Blood Glucose Tolerance Stress Test?
The purpose of the test is to discover how the body processes a greater amount of glucose (grape sugar). First, your blood sugar level will be measured on an empty stomach, then you will be given 75 grams of glucose dissolved in 3 dl of water to drink in 5 minutes. Two hours later, your blood will again be drawn. The test is required in cases of possible diabetes and during the 28th week of pregnancy to screen out diabetes. On the day of the test, you may only drink water or unsweetened tea and avoid physical activities and smoking.
What complications may arise if the diabetes is not treated?
The risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and myocardial infarction will significantly be increased. The harmful effect to the blood vessels may result in numerous serious complications from the ulceration of the leg to kidney damage right through to the destruction of the thin blood vessels of the fundus that can lead to blindness.