What is Urology?
Urology is that part of medicine that deals with disorders of the urogenital system (the kidneys, the renal ducts, the bladder and the urethra), as well as the male reproductive organs (testicles, epididymis, prostate, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, penis, accessory sex glands).
The most common complaints of patients seeking a urologist are inflammation of the bladder, the renal pelvis and the prostate, kidney stones, developmental disorders of the male reproductive organs, tumors and incontinence. Andrology, on the other hand, is the part of medicine that deals with the functional disorders of the male reproductive organs including male impotence, potency disorders, organic sexual disorders as well as male contraception and male climax.
What are the available urological screening examinations?
The patient’s medical history, physical examination, blood tests and urinalysis results indicate the direction the examinations should go toward. The prostate screening examination, examination of the testicles and the bladder, the urinary tract ultrasound are all important in discovering possible tumors in the male reproductive system in time, while the disorder is still asymptomatic and treatment is most effective. Those men who fear that urologic-andrologic examinations are too embarrassing, should keep in mind that a screening examination is not necessarily an indication of these types of problems, on the contrary, they aim to avoid them. Those individuals who are truly health conscious undergo regular screening examinations with the intent to preserve the masculine health for as long as possible while all is still in order and life is lived to its fullest. It should be reassuring to know, that we treat every examination with the utmost discretion and confidentiality.
What examinations will I undergo? Are they painful?
The urological examination starts with questions regarding your health and your medical history will be taken focusing on possible previously experienced urinary tract system or reproductive organ disorders. You will undergo a general examination to evaluate your condition, detailed blood tests and urinalysis will be required and, if necessary, sperm examination. You will then undergo a physical examination of the reproductive organs, the foreskin, the penis, the urethra, the testicles, the scrotum and a digital rectal exam of the prostate that is, at most, unpleasant but not painful.
What is the purpose and how is a urological-andrological ultrasound examination performed?
The purpose of the ultrasound examination is to determine the condition of the kidneys, the ureters and the bladder as well as the male reproductive organs and discover possible abnormalities of the prostate. No preparation is needed prior to the examination nor do you need to come with an empty stomach. It is advisable, however, to come with a full bladder and to drink at least half a liter of fluids during the few hours before your appointment.
What is the purpose of the urodynamic examination?
This examination is performed in cases of urination and retention problems, to ascertain bladder and sphincter muscle function and to measure muscle strength. The pressure within the relaxed empty bladder and the pressure within the full bladder can be measured. This change results in a very distinct curve that provides important information for the urologist regarding the nature of the incontinence and in determining the location of the functional disorder. The examination is painless.
What is a uroflow examination?
This examination measures the strength of the urine stream by measuring the amount of urine voided in a given time. It provides important information in cases of possible urine obstruction, such as caused by an enlarged prostate or other narrowing of the ureters.
What causes blood in the urine?
Many diseases can cause blood in the urine such as untreated bladder infection, stones in the kidneys or the ureters. Tumors may also be the cause. A urologist should be consulted as soon as this symptom appears in order to rule out any possibility of the latter.