Travel health care information
During consultation with your physician, you will discuss the type of vaccinations needed and your detailed medical data and history will be taken. The risks of travel will be assessed based upon the conditions, the length of travel time, your age and health (i.e., chronic diseases, psychic problems, regular medications, surgeries, allergies, etc.), possible pregnancy, vaccinations received to date and other pertinent facts.
In order that vaccines provide effective immunization, the initial vaccine must be given at least 6 weeks before departure. The second may be given as late as one week prior to departure. It is important that you bring your immunization records with you.
Active immunization in Hungary is available against 21 diseases connected with travel, including, yellow fever, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, typhus, meningitis, rabies, cholera, tetanus and polio. If a stay of longer duration is planned in a foreign country, for study or special assignment purposes, the vaccinations may include measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), chickenpox, pneumococcus and influenza. Immunization against yellow fever is required in the Central African and most of the South American countries.
In study abroad situations, the countries usually require a certificate of children's vaccinations, MMR booster shots within 10 years, certification of natural immunization or a certificate of vaccination against chickenpox (VZV) and immunization against meningitis. Chest x-rays, HIV screening (required in some states and Canada) may also be a requirement.
Immunization against Hepatitis A and B is recommended for travel to any foreign country and against tics when travelling to Northern Europe, Scandinavia and The Baltics. Immunization against typhus, tetanus, polio and rabies is recommended when travelling to Central America, the Caribbean, Asia and Africa or its boosters.
The choice of medication against malaria follows medical consultation that will also include recommendations for diarrhea, high-altitude sickness, water consumption, insect borne diseases, danger of thrombosis, etc.
Contraindications to immunizations
High fever is usually a contraindication as is a deteriorating neurological condition, early stages of pregnancy and sensitivity to the components of the vaccine. A pathological immune condition that might affect the effectiveness of the vaccine (i.e., cancer, lymphoma, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, leukemia, Hodgkin's Disease, gammaglobulinaemia, steroid treatment and HIV).
The medical consultant should be precisely informed regarding all current and previous illnesses. Do not forget to bring your vaccination records with you!