Oncology is that part of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant tumors. Their work oftentimes involves other specialties also since the tumors are often located in various organs of the body.
Though some cancers (i.e, skin, breast) may be discovered through self-examination, the great significance of screening examinations is that diseases may be diagnosed while not yet showing symptoms, thus, still at a curable stage.
What examinations are necessary?
A doctor should definitely be consulted in the case of localized findings (i.e., lump, bleeding, etc.) or systemic symptoms (i.e., weight loss, loss of appetite, etc.). Physical examination and laboratory tests, as well as diagnostic imaging, are necessary for finding abnormalities. A biopsy sample should be taken for histological or cytological testing when needed for a dependable diagnosis. Sample taking takes only a few minutes, is minimally painful, not dangerous, and even though hospitalization is not necessary, a few hours’ observation is recommended. The biopsy results will show whether the tumor is benign or malignant.
Possible cancer treatments
The next step in treatment planning is ascertaining the extent of the cancer with the help of ultrasound examinations, CT and MRI scans, or possibly, isotope examinations. Once the correct diagnosis has been obtained, the treatment method will be determined by the area involved, the type of cancer, the stage the cancer is in, the extent of metastasis and the general condition of the patient.
Surgery offers the best chance for recovery. Radiotherapy destroys the cancerous tumor, stops the tumor growth and controls pain, but, at the same time, the high-energy ionized radiation damages the healthy cells, as well.
The radiation therapy plan is prepared by the radiation therapy doctor with the treatment lasting 6-7 weeks. Side effects may present a few hours following each treatment (i.e., inflammation of the oral mucosa and oesophagus, rash, vomiting, etc.) and possibly followed later by skin discoloration and tiredness.
The purpose of chemotherapy is to treat the patient with medications (cytostatic) that prevent cell multiplication and/or destroy cancer cells. Unfortunately, these also have a negative effect on healthy cells causing such side effects as hair loss, vomiting, discoloration of the skin, etc. There are instances (i.e., lymphoma, leukemia) when chemotherapy treatment, in itself, brings about good results; however, they are often supplemented with surgery and radiotherapy.
The ways in which a clinical oncological consultation at the Buda Health Center may help you
The primary goal of clinical oncology is to obtain oncologists’ opinions and set up consultations as well as multidisciplinary consultations that include an oncologist. The consultations are for cases of definitive tumors. Medical examination includes a physical examination, medical history, review of medical documents followed by an oncological report regarding the patient’s condition.
In all instances, we treat the patient, not the disease for which a thorough internal medicine/oncological assessment is necessary based on information regarding accompanying diseases, therapies and routine and oncological medications. With proper experience and the patient’s guidance, the correct treatment is ensured and the surgical and supplemental treatments followed up on and properly monitored.
All follow-up and regular physical examinations are by appointment, 30 minutes in length. Outpatient care is available in more than 40 specialties following the holistic approach. The consulting oncologist is there to help direct the undecided, panicked patient, set up consultations, take care of patient education and the passing on of proper information to family members as well as suggest alternative treatments and therapies.
Our goal is to increase the quality and length of the patient’s life. The oncologist is also in charge of palliative care and in helping the end stage to be as bearable as possible for the patient and the family. All our medical specialists have 15 years’ experience in oncotherapy, supportation and palliative treatments
Why choose oncological care at the Buda Health Center?
In addition to their many years of experience, our specialists are expert oncologists, who bring their own experiences and expertise to every case. They have earned the trust of their patients through their special doctor-patient relationships, their dedication and know-how.