The Buda Health Center is one of the leading private institutions of Budapest offering its patients personalized comprehensive health care.

Magyar

Pulmonology

Pulmonology

What is Pulmonology?

Pulmonology is that part of medicine that deals with the diseases of the respiratory system.The following are the most prevalent symptoms that indicate pulmonary disease:
  • breathing difficulties, asphyxiation
  • coughing
  • phlegm production
  • chest pain

The statistics of 2008 showed 68195 new pulmonary cases and 1606 newly diagnosed cases of tuberculosis in Hungary.

The following diseases belong under Pulmonology

  • allergies, asthma
  • pneumonia
  • lung cancer
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with bronchial stricture, partially reversible (COPD)
  • pulmonary embolism
  • tuberculosis
  • respiratory symptoms of reflux

Symptoms that would suggest a disease appearing in the above list

Breathing difficulties during sleep (apnoe or hypopnoe): is a sleep disorder characterized by periodic abnormally long pauses in breathing or instances of abnormally low breathing during sleep. Consequently, the amount of oxygen in the blood decreases, the pulse rate decreases and the blood pressure falls. Apnoe screening.

Rhinitis is a type of allergy that usually appears in the form of a runny nose, stuffy nose and/or sneezing and is often accompanied by itchy eyes. Another form of allergy often seen is allergic asthma (it is estimated that 200,000 asthmatics live in Hungary, currently) that is usually accompanied by such symptoms as croupy cough, wheezing, tightness in the chest and breathing difficulties.

Pneumonia is characterized by fever, coughing, chest pain and shortness of breath. Since chest x-rays taken during the initial 24 and 48 hours are often negative, regular follow-up x-rays are necessary.

Lung cancer is the leading cancer cause of death in Hungary in both men and women. Second place is taken by colon and rectal cancer and third place, by breast cancer. Tiredness, loss of appetite, weight loss, chest discomfort, coughing, expectoration of blood and periodic chest pain are some of the lung cancer symptoms.

Pulmonary embolism is characterized by breathing difficulties, sharp chest pain, coughing, expectoration of blood, rapid breathing and a quick pulse. The leading cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with bronchial stricture that is only partially reversible is the exposition to cigarette smoke. Symptoms include a chronic cough, phlegm production and increasing breathing difficulties.

During the initial stages, tuberculosis is virtually symptom free, the accentuated areas on a fluorogram asymptomatic. On the respiratory system side, coughing, expectoration of blood, loss of appetite and weight, rise in temperature and night-time perspiration is characteristic.

Reflux disease accompanied by breathing difficulties. This disease is caused by the contents of the stomach passing into the oesophagus, the mouth and the respiratory tract causing either reversible or irreversible damage to the oesophagus, the pharynx and the airways. The symptoms often mimic heart disease (chest pain, arrhythmia), respiratory tract disease (feeling of a lump in the throat, hoarseness, burning throat, scratchy throat, chronic cough) and diseases of the oral cavity (sensitive teeth, bad breath, tooth abrasion).

The Buda Health Center is set up with all the necessary diagnostic equipment - imaging diagnostics (x-ray, ultrasound, CT, MRI), allergy skin tests (prick test), allergen-specific IgE antibody tests, breathing function examinations – as well as specialists (ear, nose and throat, gastroenterologist) there to assist as needed in a complete respiratory system examination.

Medication therapy will be set up on the basis of the examination as well as further treatments and periodic checkups and/or possible hospitalization as dictated by the course taken by the disease.