What is Urology?
Urology is the medical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of both males and females and on the reproductive system of males. The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis). Urological screening examinations play an important part in prevention since, with early detection, treatment is possible ahead of the appearance of symptoms, when it is the most effective and costs the least.
What are the most prevalent urological diseases?
- developmental disorders of the testicles • cancer of the prostate and testicles
- bladder inflammation
- cancer of the bladder
- kidney stones
What happens during a urological-andrological examination?
Your medical history will be taken especially relating to possible previous urinary tract and sexual organs diseases (kidney stones, testicular diseases, prostate disorders). This is followed by a physical examination.
Physical, non instrument examinations
- the urological examinations are basically painless
- general physical examination
- blood test and urinalysis
- semen analysis
Physical examination with instruments:
- Ultrasound examinations • Urodynamic test
- Uroflow test