Breast cancer is the most common form of malignant tumors in women and is one of the leading causes of death among tumors. Lung cancer being the leading cause. There are more than 3000 cases in Hungary with more than 200 breast cancer deaths yearly.
Regular examinations of the breasts include physical and radiological examinations. These offer the only mode of prevention against breast cancer
The physical examinations are conducted by a gynecologist or a radiologist and include careful palpation of the breasts and its surroundings. Radiological examinations consist of an ultrasound examination for those under 40 years of age or a mammography for those above 40 years of age. The examinations, both the physical as well as the radiological, are vital since 40% of the early stages of breast cancer are detected only through radiological examination and 40% only through physical examination.
It behooves all women over 20 years of age to do breast self-examination once a month.
Instructions for Breast self-examination:
If, during the self-examination, you should find anything suspicious or out of the ordinary, please call us as soon as possible for an appointment. Remember: early discovery and early treatment are the keys to prevention and to recovery!
- While standing in front of a mirror look at your breasts first with both arms relaxed at your sides, then raised above your head and, lastly, with your hands placed firmly on your hips. Do you see anything unusual, like changes in the way your nipples look? Are your breasts symmetrical? Do you notice any dimples or changes in the skin?
- Next examine the way your breasts feel. To examine your left breast, raise your left arm and, with the outstretched fingers of your right hand, examine your breast by moving the fingers in a circular motion from the outside inwards making sure to cover every area of the breast. Notice what feels normal and what may feel different from the last time. Repeat with left breast by lifting the left arm. The examination is best done during a shower or bath since the wet, slippery surface makes finding even the smallest abnormality easier. The examination may also be done while lying down with the arm of the side to be examined placed under your head and the examination performed as above.